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General information
Type: Pilot
Tested system/service: Alternative Fuel Vehicles, Energy Efficiency
Countries: UK, Spain, Slovenia, Austria ? test users
18 partners ? vehicles
Active from 2012/01/01 to 12/2014
Carlos López
DG Enterprise and Innovation.
Government of Navarre, Spain
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The ICT4EVEU project aims to improve the services offered to public and private electric vehicle users. The initiative promoters intend to achieve this goal by implementing ICT services that integrate the various management systems in operation within the infrastructure/recharging stations, control centres and vehicles. ICT4EVEU proposes different pilot schemes requiring different infrastructures in several cities. An attractive part of the project is the variation in the size of the areas used for the different pilot schemes: beginning with an urban area of Bristol and its commuting district; followed by the connection of two towns, Pamplona and Vitoria, in the neighbouring regions of Navarre and the Basque Country in Spain; and ending with a national approach in Slovenia, joining its major cities of Ljubljana and Maribor, with partners from the Styria region of Austria acting as observers.

This project will run for three years and over 2012-2014 the main services it aims to develop include systems to allow users to book charging points in advance, to integrate a variety of user payment methods; to create an interactive map of recharging stations for drivers, to establish an interconnected network of recharging stations and provide users with access to recharging data; to set up an SMS notification service and facilitate communication with energy suppliers. Users will be able to access all of these services online from PC and smartphone.

Meanwhile, in terms of technology the scheme aims to create an integrated network of recharging stations; connecting systems of different energy providers via roaming processes; to integrate use of various devices (vehicles, laptops and smartphones) within the network; to establish a general management system for vehicle recharging infrastructure that includes charging-point monitoring and maintenance; to create a suitable front-end for users; and to create a tool to verify each electric vehicle unique ID.

Key milestones of the project

  • Month 6: Pilots are designed.
  • Month 3: Project website is online.
  • Month 18: International platform has been created.
  • Month 24: Joint conference is done.
  • Month 36: Integration of technologies is working.
  • Month 36: Validation of technologies has been performed.
  • Month 36: Tuning of pilots has been performed.
  • Month 37: Results of the project have been disseminated.

Pilot B under the ICT PSP Objective Identifier 1.3: Smart Connected Electro-Mobility


Details of Field Operational Test

Start date and duration of FOT execution

Geographical Coverage

The pilot consists of three pilot sites with an increasing geographical scope: urban, Bristol (UK); regional, Vitoria and Pamplona (Spain) and transnational, Ljubljana and Maribor (Slovenia) with observers from the Styria region in Austria.

Link with other related Field Operational Tests

ICT4EVEU was simultaneously launched with other 3 e-mobility projects:


The general objective of ICT4EVEU is to deploy a set of ICT-based services for electric vehicles (EVs), focused on the integration of innovative technologies enhancing the user experience with an increasing geographical scope in the pilot schemes: urban, regional and transnational. Furthermore, the project will contribute to the European goal of creating a sustainable transport system with lower carbon emissions.

The services will be focused in the integration of heterogeneous technologies into a common and General Management System, managed by a determined party and then accessed by the user to receive the information needed about the charging network across the cities or areas.

Among the specific objectives of the project, these have been classified according to the technologies involved in the pilots.

Those from ICT solutions and smart systems integration as enablers for the electric vehicle in the pilots can be summarised as follows:

  • To make drivers aware of the remaining energy and of the resulting restrictions in terms of range and comfort.
  • To recommend and guide drivers to the most suitable recharging station, according to the battery status and the grid availability.
  • To conveniently book a charging point in advance at the suggested station simplifying the payment procedure with different charging point managers and receiving notifications (email, SMS, other) when the EV is conveniently charged.
  • To guarantee the access to reviews including information about the charging history, events, charging stations utilized.

Those arising from the type of vehicle and type of energy require:

  • To make use of innovative tools for communication vehicle-infrastructure-control centre. This involves real-time management of large amounts of information from different system actors: clients, infrastructure, vehicles and operators as well as its processing and distribution using optimized communication channels. Some specific challenges to be accomplished are:
    • To manage new control and data models oriented to energy efficiency: reliable real time information from both the EV fleet and the grid accessible from anywhere.
    • To provide cooperative systems, robust and reliable V2I (vehicle-to-infrastructure) communications between the vehicles, the grid and the service providers. The vehicles and infrastructures as sources of information.
    • To integrate on real time information in the on board navigation facilities in order to assist the driver.


Lessons learned

Main events

Common launch of 4 CIP pilot projects on e-Mobility on 8th of February 2012 at the European Parliament in Brussels.

Presentation of 4 CIP pilot projects at 'CIP ICT PSP smart electromobility event' during the Spanish Green Cars Conference in Vitoria-Gasteiz (ES) 2-3 October 2012.[1]


Summary, type of funding and budget

ICT4eveu is 50%co-financed by the European Commission


4,400,000 euros


2,200,000 euros

Cooperation partners and contact persons

  • Public Authorities: Government of Navarre (ES),Pamplona City Council (ES),Vitoria-Gasteiz City Council (ES)and Bristol City Council (UK).
  • Industry:
    • Vehicle Manufacturer:
    • Supplier:Acciona Energía S.A (ES),Ingeteam Energy S.A (ES), Ente Vasco de la Energía, EVE (ES),ETREL D.O.O (SL), Elektro Ljubljana d.d .-ELLJ (SL), Elektro Ljubljana OVE.-EL OVE (SL), Elektro Maribor d.d.- ELMB (SL).
  • Users:
  • Universities:
  • Research Institutes: Centro Tecnológico de Automoción de Navarra CITEAN (ES) and Tecnalia Research & Innovation (ES)
  • Others (specify: Landes Energie Verein-LEV (Regional agency, AT); European Business Innovation Centre of Navarre, CEIN SL (public body, ES), Centro de Estudios Ambientales-CEA (public body, ES), Zabala Innovation Consulting (consulting, ES) and Mobilitätsconsulting & Engineering B.I.M (consulting, AT)

Applications and equipment

Applications tested

All pilots:

  • Monitoring of the location and use status of charging points via specific hardware devices and/or smartphones.
  • Reservation of charging points in advance.
  • Integration of payment methods for users. There are different depending on the party in charge of the management of the charging point, the city, etc.
  • Creation of an interconnected network of charging points accessed by Energy Management Companies.
  • Monitoring of the network status (in-use status, energy pricing, car location, charging points usage, etc.) thanks to the creation of a General Management System (GMS).
  • Creation of tool for international verification of unique identification of charging stations, EVs and EV users/owners.
  • Promote the use of EV to meet their strategic plans in improving air quality, reducing congestion improving mobility, and energy efficiency plans.
  • Standardisation of different instruments within the infrastructures of the pilots (charging points, communications standards, charging methods, software protocols, etc)

Bristol pilot specific:

  • Creation of a unique “travel card” allowing to pay different modes of transport, parking and charging.

Pamplona-Vitoria pilot specific:

  • Creation of an interconnected network of charging points in different cities.
  • Cross-billing services among Energy managers. Users use non location-based points and then its energy provider can invoice them.
  • Pamplona only:
    • Economic & environmental impact studies on the use of e-bus in the local transportation system (1 bus).
    • Creation of a network of EV expert garages for technical maintenance in the region as well as training for emergency services (EVs can provoke electric shocks in case of failure).
    • Identification of % of usage of renewable sources in the electricity used for the EV charges.
  • Vitoria only:
    • Creation of specific ICT services for the management of the new e-car sharing service. A public fleet will count with specific needs in terms of use (many users for a single vehicle)

Ljubljana-Maribor pilot specific:

  • Creation of an interconnected network of charging points in different cities.
  • Cross-billing services among Energy managers. Users use non location-based points and then its energy provider can invoice them.


The services will be implemented in 3 pilots sites in which the following vehicles are expected to be covered:

  • Bristol pilot: all kinds of EV, mainly cars. Public fleets and private fleets will be involved.
    • Public Electric Vehicles:
      • Pamplona:7 (now). 240 (2015)
      • Vitoria: 2
    • Private Electric Vehicles:
      • Pamplona: 960 by 2015
      • Vitoria: 400 by 2012 in the region
    • Other:
      • Pamplona: 1 e-Bus
      • Vitoria: EV for “e-Carsharing” service
  • Pamplona-Vitoria pilot: Public fleets from the city councils. E-cars, e-bikes and e-bus.
    • Public Electric Vehicles:
      • Bristol: 10
    • Private Electric Vehicles:
      • Bristol: 1000-1500 by 2015
    • Other:
      • Bristol: Delivery vehicles
  • Ljubljana-Maribor pilot: E-Cars, e-bikes, public and private fleets.
    • Public Electric Vehicles:
      • Ljubljana and Maribor: Mainly fleet for services (eg.cleaning)
    • Private Electric Vehicles:
      • Ljubljana: 250-300 by 2015
      • Maribor: Up to 50 cars and 300 e-bikes by 2015
    • Other:
      • Maribor: 10 ecars, 3 owned by ELMB

Equipment carried by test users


  • Charging points (EXPECTED)
    • Pamplona: By 2015 72 public owned, 240 private owned, 960 for public fleets
    • Vitoria: 15-20 by 2011 (85 in the whole region), 225 by 2015 in the region
    • Bristol: Over 150 by 2015
    • Ljubljana: 100 by 2013
    • Maribor: 30-40 with 60-80 sockets by 2015

Test equipment

  • Drivers’ smart phones and mobile devices will be used, since they provide all-in-one features such as network connectivity, processing capabilities and high-quality user experience. (Bristol pilot will be focusing initially on Android solutions.
  • Cooperative systems (Onboard Units) from relevant ITS projects can be integrated into part of the EV vehicle fleet.
  • In case of Pamplona, the existence of an e-bus, a geo-positioning platform will be equipped in the vehicle, so all consumption data could be contrasted with different urban routes, trying to determine possible influences as traffic flows, routes’ characteristics (slopes, curves…). Additionally, other sensors related to vehicle dynamics will be used, so other aspects corresponding to vehicle speeds, accelerations, etc., could be confronted with vehicle driving uses and consumptions. Also, some microphones will be installed on several points, internally and externally to the bus, in order to measure levels of noise. Those levels will be contrasted with that corresponding to ICE buses.


Pre-simulation / Piloting of the FOT

Method for the baseline

Techniques for measurement and data collection

In case of Pamplona, the existence of an e-bus allows to develop an economic and environmental impact study, in order to verify the suitability of this kind of transportation to reduce fuel consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and noise contamination, maintaining the satisfaction level of users.

Recruitment goals and methods

The following number of users are expected to be involved in each pilot:

  • Bristol pilot: expected up to 100.
  • Pamplona-Vitoria pilot: 20-30 users among both cities.
  • Ljubljana-Maribor pilot: 20-30 among both cities.

Methods for the liaison with the drivers during the FOT execution

Methods for data analysis, evaluation, synthesis and conclusions

Sources of information

Publications: http://www.ict4eveu.eu/publications