European Truck Platooning Challenge

Jump to navigationJump to search
Contact details

Tom Alkim, Rijkswaterstaat,

Timing and duration of tests

April 2016

Location(s) of tests

Several EU countries (truck platoons driving towards Maasvlakte II in the Port of Rotterdam, the Netherlands, all arriving on April 6th

Tested automation

Tested functionalities

In the European Truck Platooning Challenge, six truck platoons (of six different brands) drove from a range of European countries to the APM Terminals, Maasvlakte II in the Port of Rotterdam. The truck platoons departed from their home base or production location. Scania left from Södertalje, south of Stockholm, driving through Sweden, Denmark and Germany to Maasvlakte II in the Port of Rotterdam, making a stop in Zolder, Belgium and in Zwolle, Netherlands (a route of over 2,000 kms, and crossing several borders). Volvo started from Gothenburg, driving through the same countries, and stopping in Vilvoorde. Daimler started from Stuttgart and MAN from Munich. IVECO departed from Brussels and DAF from their production location in Westerlo, Belgium.

Level of automation tested

Not clearly specified on the internet, but called ‘semi-automated’: using C-ACC (via wifi), and probably also Emergency Braking, radar, GPS and cameras.

Tested use cases

Six brands of automated trucks - DAF Trucks, Daimler Trucks, Iveco, MAN Truck & Bus, Scania and Volvo Group - have been driving in platoons, on public roads from several European cities to the Netherlands. The teams from the six brands only platooned on motorways in normal traffic conditions. Local conditions dictated where they could platoon. The priority is safety for all road users.

Below are the corridors driven by the platoons.

European truck platooning challenge.png

Tested transport system

Freight transport

Purposes of testing
  • Assessment of driver behaviour (human, vehicle) / road user behaviour
  • Assessment of user (driver, traveller, etc.) acceptance, usability, take up, etc.
  • Interaction with other traffic participants (automated vehicles, conventional vehicles, vulnerable road users)
  • Technical assessment, proof of concept (incl. vehicle, background support systems such as communication)


Definition of baseline

Test design

There was not really a test design. However, the platoons were followed and Rijkswaterstaat commissioned the filming of the platoons from a small plane, which can be used to assess how other vehicles react to the truck platoons. Also, drivers were asked about their experiences (but the questions were limited in scope).

Method of testing

Controlled field tests

Test fleet, participants and environment

Number and make of vehicles

Six platoons (from DAF Trucks, Daimler Trucks, Iveco, MAN Truck & Bus, Scania and Volvo Group)

Description and number of participants/drivers

Drivers were from the truck manufacturers

Tested environment and facilities

Legal and ethical aspects

The five countries involved are Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. Their road authorities were in close contact, sharing views on aspects including assessment of exemption applications, providing data to facilitate the truck platoons, and guiding platoons during the Challenge. This represents initial steps to harmonisation from the side of the road authorities.

Duration of testing


Input parameters and assumptions of simulation tests


  • Communication data (V2V, V2I, V2U, etc.)
  • Other cameras
Specifications for the data sources

Communication data, specify: V2V Other cameras, specify: from a plane

Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

Situational data available

Subjective data collected


Issues that affected the impact assessment



Several news articles on the internet. General info on:

Other things to report

Tom Alkim indicated that the footage is available for researchers.