Cooperative Intelligent Transport Initiative

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Cooperative Intelligent Transport Initiative
General information
Type: Pilot
Tested system/service: Cooperative Systems
Countries: Australia 200 test users
3 partners 60 vehicles
Active from 2012/12/01 to 2016/12/31
Centre for Road Safety Website
Vanessa Vecovski
Transport for NSW
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The Cooperative Intelligent Transport Initiative (CITI) is the establishment of the first Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (CITS) testbed dedicated to heavy vehicles in the world.The testbed will allow experts to conduct detailed tests, research and development in an Australian environment.

There are two main phases to this project.

In the first phase, the testbed will be established.

A roadside transmission station will broadcast speed limit information to heavy vehicles. Three intersections will be equipped with CITS to provide real time red signal information via displays mounted inside the heavy vehicles’ cabins.

Drivers in 60 participating vehicles will see the following messages:

  • Intersection collision warning
  • Forward collision warning
  • Heavy braking ahead warning
  • Traffic signal phase information
  • Speed limit information

In the second phase, data from the testbed will be analysed and the testbed will be used to assess the potential road safety and network efficiency benefits of various CITS applications.

Details of Field Operational Test

Start date and duration of FOT execution

Planning for CITI started in late 2013. CITS equipment was first installed into vehicles in 2014 and has continued throughout 2015. The first phase of CITI (the establishment of a working testbed) will be finalised by October 2015. This is the first step in a project that could last up to six years, with more vehicles and roadside infrastrcuture added over time.

Geographical Coverage

CITI is taking place in the Illawarra Region of New South Wales, about 80km south of Sydney. The area was chosen for its diverse topography and features including steep mountain ranges, built up urban features and a busy harbour port.

Central Coordinates

34.428190° S, 150.898494° E

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Link with other related Field Operational Tests


The objective of the Cooperative Intelligent Transport Initiative is to establish a working CITS testbed in New South Wales, Australia.

Deliverables of the first phase include:

  • 60 heavy vehicles equipped with CITS
  • 1 roadside transmission station broadcasting speed limit information
  • 3 traffic signals integrated with CITS and broadcasting signal phase and timing information
  • A Data collection and storage system. Vehicles remotely upload data to roadside data collection stations.
  • Lessons Learned report, documenting the challenges of deploying CITS.


Lessons learned

A Lessons Learned report will be produced after the CITI testbed is established. The lessons learned report will include topics such as:

Spectrum licensing Radio interference GPS factors Driver recruitment and training Driver surveys

Main events


Summary, type of funding and budget

Cooperation partners and contact persons

The CITI project is jointly funded by

  • Transport for NSW
  • Australian Government

The Centre for Road Safety, part of Transport for NSW, manages CITI. The Road Safety Technology team based in Wollongong runs day-today operations of CITI.

Applications and equipment

Applications tested

  • Intersection collision warning
  • Forward collision warning
  • Heavy braking ahead warning
  • Traffic signal phase information
  • Speed limit information


Over 60 heavy vehicles are involved in Phase 1 of the project.

Equipment carried by test users

Each vehicle is fitted with

  • Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) in-vehicle radio unit
  • DSRC antennas
  • GPS antenna
  • In-cabin display screen


Three traffic signals were fitted with DSRC radio units and integrated with the SCATS system, to broadcast signal phase and timing information to equipped vehicles in the vicinity.

Portable trailers were fitted with a DSRC radio unit to broadcast speed limit information, software updates and collect data to equipped vehicles in the vicinity of the trailers.

Test equipment


Pre-simulation / Piloting of the FOT

Method for the baseline

Techniques for measurement and data collection

Data is stored on the in-vehicle unit and remotely uploaded to data collection stations set up around the project area when a vehicle is in close proximity.

Researchers regularly visit the data collection stations to extract data and upload it to the data storage system, which is automatically backed up to a secondary storage system.

Recruitment goals and methods

Trucking companies who frequent the port of Port Kembla were approached and invited to participate. The goal was to recruit up to 60 heavy vehicles and the end result was over 70 heavy vehicles from four comapnies signed up to the project.

Transport for NSW's recruitment and negotiation activities focussed on the trucking companies, not on individual drivers. A fact sheet, presentation, and face to face discussions were employed.

A Deed was drafted by the Transport for NSW legal advisers and reviewed by each of the participant's legal advisers before being executed.

Methods for the liaison with the drivers during the FOT execution

A comprehensive driver induction package was produced which included:

  • Fact Sheet
  • User Guide
  • Presentation
  • DVD
  • Participation Agreement

Over 150 drivers have undergone the induction process.

Manager and supervisors of participating companies are sent a monthly 'newsletter' email with an update on what's happening in the project.

A dedicated email address and telephone support line has been set up and is available for drivers to call 24 hours a day, seven days a week with any enquiries. Being available 24 hours a day ensures shiftwork and night drivers can still contact the researchers.

A Stakeholder Manager has been appointed as the central point of contact with all participants. The Stakeholder Managers delivered the induction, responds to enquiries, and oversees the resolution of any issues.

Methods for data analysis, evaluation, synthesis and conclusions

During the first phase of the project, data is being collected. Data analysis will commence in 2016.

Sources of information