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General information
Type: Pilot
Tested system/service: Autonomous Systems, Methodology
Countries: Germany, Sweden, Austria, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Spain, UK 1000 test users
37 partners 100 vehicles
Active from 2017/09/01 to 01/09/2021
Aria Etemad
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Automated driving technology has matured to a level motivating a final phase of road tests which can answer key questions before market introduction of the systems. The European research project L3Pilot tests the viability of automated driving as a safe and efficient means of transportation on public roads. It will focus on large-scale piloting of SAE Level 3 functions, with additional assessment of some Level 4 functions. The functionality of the systems will be exposed to variable conditions with 1,000 drivers and 100 cars across ten European countries, including cross-border routes. The technologies being tested cover a wide range of driving situations, including parking, overtaking on highways and driving through urban intersections. The tests will provide valuable data for evaluating technical aspects, user acceptance, driving and travel behaviour, as well as impact on traffic and safety. With the comprehensive piloting of automated driving functions in test vehicles, L3Pilot will pave the way for large-scale field tests of series cars on public roads.

Details of Field Operational Test

Start date and duration of FOT execution

The detailed piloting plans are yet to be fixed (June 2019).

Geographical Coverage

Central Coordinates

52.436350° N, 10.764197° E

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Link with other related Field Operational Tests



The project pilots SAE Level 3 and 4 functions exposed to different users, mixed traffic environments, including conventional vehicles and vulnerable road users (VRUs), along different road networks. The data collected in these extensive pilots will support the main aims of the project to: - Ensure safe and sustainable introduction of higher level automated vehicles on the roads. - Lay the foundation for the design of future, user-accepted, L3 and L4 systems, to ensure their commercial success. This will be achieved by assessing user reactions, experiences and preferences of the AD systems’ functionalities. - Enable non-automotive stakeholders, such as authorities and certification bodies, to prepare measures that will support the uptake of AD, including updated regulations for the certification of vehicle functions with a higher degree of automation, as well as incentives for the user. - Create unified de-facto standardised methods to ensure further development of AD applications (Code of Practice). - Create a large databank to enable simulation studies of the performance of AD over time which can’t be investigated in road tests, due to the time and effort needed. The data will be one product of the pilots.


Lessons learned

A public deliverable is being prepared, to be delivered at the end of the project.

Main events


Summary, type of funding and budget

EU budget €46.5m

Cooperation partners and contact persons

  • Public Authorities:
  • Industry
    • Vehicle Manufacturer:
    • Supplier:
  • Users:
  • Universities:
  • Research Institutes:
  • Others (specify):

Applications and equipment

Applications tested


Equipment carried by test users


Test equipment


Pre-simulation / Piloting of the FOT

Adapted FESTA

Method for the baseline

Techniques for measurement and data collection

Recruitment goals and methods

Methods for the liaison with the drivers during the FOT execution

Methods for data analysis, evaluation, synthesis and conclusions

Sources of information

This information was provided by Sami Koskinen, VTT

Facts about "L3Pilot"
CompanyVolkswagen +
ContactAria Etemad +
CountryGermany +, Sweden +, Austria +, Belgium +, France +, Italy +, Luxembourg +, The Netherlands +, Spain + and UK +
EndedJanuary 9, 2021 +
Is type ofPilot +
NameL3Pilot +
Number of partners37 +
Number of test users1,000 +
Number of vehicles100 +
Project coordinates52° 26' 11", 10° 45' 51"Latitude: 52.4363509
Longitude: 10.7641962
StartedSeptember 1, 2017 +
Tested system or serviceAutonomous Systems + and Methodology +
Websitehttps://l3pilot.eu/ +
This property is a special property in this wiki.
aria.etemad@volkswagen.de +